Extremities: Anatomical, physiological, and pain studies

Mercer SR, Bogduk N, Intra-articular inclusions of the elbow joint complex., Clin Anatomy, 20:668-676, 2007

Cadaveric study of 28 elbow joints to investigate intra-articular inclusions. Ft pads and fibroadipose meniscoids were found in all joints, and capsular rimes in 50% of joints.

Silbernagel KG, Thomeé R, Eriksson BI, Karlsson J, Full symptomatic recovery does not ensure full recovery of muscle-tendon function in patients with Achilles tendinopathy, Br J Sports Med, 41:276-280, 2006

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Zalaffi A, Mariottini A, Carangelo B et al, Wrist median nerve motor conduction after end range repeated flexion and extension passive movements in carpal tunnel syndrome. Pilot study, Acta Neurochir, S92:47-52, 2005

38 patients with carpal tunnel syndrome performed repeated movements following which electrophysiological measurements were made. 32% of hands worsened with flexion and extension movements; 22% of hands improved with extension movements and some improved with flexion.